Q. WHAT IS TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST ( TET EXAM) EXAM? WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO BECOME TEACHER?
ANS : TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST ( TET EXAM) EXAM PASS QUALIFICATION IS MANDATORY TO BECOME TEACHER AS PER NCTE GUIDELINES / RTE ACT.
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT PASSED RTE ACT ON 23RD AUGUST 2010 IN ITS GAZETTE NOTIFICATION ( BHARAT KA RAJPATRA).
NCTE HAS POWER TO FRAME RULES FOR TET EXAM TO MAINTAIN QUALITY IN EDUCATION SYSTEM-
In accordance with the provisions of sub - section (1) of section 23 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has laid down the minimum qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in class I to VIII , vide its Notification dated August 23, 2010
See RTE Act - http://www.ncte-india.org/Norms/RTE-1.pdf
Q. What should be qualification to become teacher under RTE Act for class 1 to 8.
Ans: Minimum qualification is as per academic authority ( currently NCTE) authorized by central government of India by notification.
NCTE prescribed compulsory TET pass qualification to become teacher under RTE.
Central Government can give relaxation in qualification to state government under following conditions :-
Where a State does not have adequate institutions offering course or training in teacher education, or teachers possessing minimum qualifications as laid down under sub-section (1) are not available in sufficient numbers, the Central Government may, if it deems necessary, by notification, relax the minimum qualifications required for appointment as a teacher, for such period, not exceeding five years, as may be specified in that notification :
Provided that a teacher who, at the commencement of this Act, does not possess minimum qualifications as laid down under sub-section (1), shall acquire such minimum qualification within a period of five years.
(Example: In UP, UPTET pass candidates are in sufficient large numbers approx 3 Lakh, And this causes problem for Shiksha Mitra to beocme Teacher under RTE act)
Q. Is there any specific guidelines/ rule for selected teacher under RTE Act?
Ans: Teacher under RTE Act shall perform duties for educational purpose only. However they can be engaged in collecting population census data related matters, disaster relief duties and election duties.
Q. Can teacher under RTE Act perform private tution . private teaching activity.
Ans : RTE Act clearly denies for Private tuition/ private teaching activity.
Q.What is RTE Act?
Ans : RTE ( Right to Education) Act OR Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, is Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.
Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education. ‘Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group. With this, India has moved forward to a rights based framework that casts a legal obligation on the Central and State Governments to implement this fundamental child right as enshrined in the Article 21A of the Constitution, in accordance with the provisions of the RTE Act.
The RTE Act provides for the:
- Right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school.
- It clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means obligation of the appropriate government to provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group. ‘Free’ means that no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.
- It makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.
- It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.
- It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours.
- It provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school, rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block, thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings. It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.
- It provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.
- It prohibits (a) physical punishment and mental harassment; (b) screening procedures for admission of children; (c) capitation fee; (d) private tuition by teachers and (e) running of schools without recognition,
- It provides for development of curriculum in consonance with the values enshrined in the Constitution, and which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building on the child’s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centred learning.
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